Mental Disorders

Boys with inattention-hyperactivity face increased risk for traumatic brain injuries
February 19, 2020
McGill-led research shows that boys exhibiting inattention-hyperactivity at age 10 have a higher risk for traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) in adolescence and adulthood. Treatments to reduce these behaviours may decrease the risk for TBIs.
"Traumatic brain injuries are the leading cause...
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Unraveling mechanisms of ventricular enlargement linked to schizophrenia
February 14, 2020
Enlarged cerebral ventricles are found in 80% of individuals with schizophrenia, yet the mechanisms that lead to ventricular enlargement are mostly unknown. Scientists at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital have found that two microRNAs play a critical role in a mechanism that results in ventri...
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Brain inflammation in veterans with Gulf War illness
February 13, 2020
In a new discovery, researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) have detected widespread inflammation in the brains of veterans diagnosed with Gulf War Illness (GWI). These findings, published online in the journal on February 3, could serve as a guidepost for identifying and developing ...
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Focus on context diminishes memory of negative events, researchers report
February 5, 2020
In a new study, researchers report they can manipulate how the brain encodes and retains emotional memories. The scientists found that focusing on the neutral details of a disturbing scene can weaken a person's later memories -- and negative impressions -- of that scene.
The findings,...
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New clues into the genetic origins of schizophrenia
January 30, 2020
The first genetic analysis of schizophrenia in an ancestral African population, the South African Xhosa, appears in the Jan. 31 issue of the journal . An international group of scientists conducted the research, including investigators from Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health and ...
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New insight into how cannabidiol takes effect in the brains of people with psychosis
January 29, 2020
Published in , the research used fMRI scans to examine the brain activity of 13 people with a diagnosis of psychosis under the influence of a single dose of CBD or placebo and 16 controls whilst they were undertaking a memory task. The researchers showed that, during the task, there was a differe...
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Antianxiety and antidepressant effects from a single dose of psychedelic drug persist years later in cancer patients
January 28, 2020
Following up on their landmark 2016 study, researchers at NYU Grossman School of Medicine found that a one-time, single-dose treatment of psilocybin, a compound found in psychedelic mushrooms, combined with psychotherapy appears to be associated with significant improvements in emotional and exis...
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Research offers promise for treating schizophrenia
January 28, 2020
Research by a University of Georgia psychologist shows that targeting one particular symptom of schizophrenia has a positive effect on other symptoms, offering significant promise for treating an aspect of schizophrenia that currently has no pharmaceutical options.
A team led by Grego...
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New study highlights prevalence of PTSD among obstetricians and gynaecologists
January 28, 2020
A new University of Liverpool led study, published in : An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology today (Tuesday, 28 January 2020), has revealed the prevalence of work-related post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among obstetricians and gynaecologists.
The study, funded ...
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