Executive Function

Eating more ultra-processed foods tied to cognitive decline, stroke, according to study
May 23, 2024
People who eat more ultra-processed foods like soft drinks, chips and cookies may have a higher risk of having memory and thinking problems and having a stroke than those who eat fewer processed foods, according to a new study. The study does not prove that eating ultra-processed foods causes memory...
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Subtle cognitive decline precedes end to driving for older adults
May 23, 2024
Even slight cognitive changes can affect an older person's decision to stop driving, according to a new study. The findings suggest that routine cognitive testing -- in particular, the kind of screening designed to pick up the earliest, most subtle decline -- could help older adults and their physic...
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Different brain structures in females lead to more severe cognitive deficits after concussion than males
May 16, 2024
Important brain structures that are key for signaling in the brain are narrower and less dense in females, and more likely to be damaged by brain injuries, such as concussion. Long-term cognitive deficits occur when the signals between brain structures weaken due to the injury. The structural differ...
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Study links sleep apnea severity during REM stage to verbal memory decline
May 14, 2024
A research team has revealed the link between the frequency of sleep apnea events during the rapid-eye-movement stage and the severity of verbal memory impairment in older adults at risk for Alzheimer's disease. Verbal memory refers to the cognitive ability to retain and recall information presented...
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New study reveals age-related brain changes influence recovery after stroke
May 6, 2024
A new study has revealed that areas of age-related damage in the brain relate to motor outcomes after a stroke -- a phenomenon that may be under-recognized in stroke research. The new observational study looked at the relationship between stroke recovery and white matter hyper-intensities (WMHs) -- ...
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A blood test for stroke risk? Biomarker for risk of future cerebrovascular disease
May 1, 2024
A simple blood test could allow doctors to determine whether a person may be at higher risk for stroke or cognitive decline during their lifetime, according to a new study.
Large-scale animal study links brain pH changes to wide-ranging cognitive issues
March 26, 2024
The International Brain pH Project Consortium unveils groundbreaking findings in a large-scale animal model study, indicating altered brain pH and lactate levels as a transdiagnostic endophenotype in neuropsychiatric disorders with cognitive impairment. This collaborative effort, involving 131 resea...
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Parental perceived immigration threat and children’s mental health, self-regulation and executive functioning in pre-Kindergarten.
December 29, 2021
Many children in immigrant households endure unique stressors shaped by national, state, and local immigration policies and enforcement activity in the United States. Qualitative studies find that during times of heightened immigration enforcement, children as young as 3 years of age show signs of b...
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Suicidal ideation in Iraq and Afghanistan veterans with mental health conditions at risk for homelessness.
December 15, 2021
Suicide prevention among Veterans is a national priority. Overlap exists between conditions that may increase risk for suicide (e.g., mental health conditions, financial stressors, lack of social support) and homelessness among Veterans. We examined predictors of variance in suicidal ideation (SI) a...
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A novel model of obesity prediction: Neurobehaviors as targets for treatment.
July 15, 2021
Obesity is a worldwide epidemic that is on the rise, with approximately 30% of the world population classified as either overweight or obese. The United States has some of the highest rates of obesity, and in most countries in the world, obesity now poses more of a serious health concern than malnut...
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