Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

Researchers regrow damaged nerves with polymer and protein
January 22, 2020
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine researchers have created a biodegradable nerve guide -- a polymer tube -- filled with growth-promoting protein that can regenerate long sections of damaged nerves, without the need for transplanting stem cells or a donor nerve.
So far, the t...
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Concussion risk in youth football
January 21, 2020
For decades, there's been a widespread assumption among people with an interest in sports-related injury that youth football players are more vulnerable to concussion and other head injuries than their older, bigger counterparts.
The Virginia Tech Helmet Lab has published the first da...
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Blue light triggers memory and emphatic fear in mice via a non-invasive approach
January 21, 2020
Researchers at the Center for Cognition and Sociality, within the Institute for Basic Science (IBS) in South Korea, have engineered an improved biological tool that controls calcium (Ca2+) levels in the brain via blue light. Published in , this optogenetic construct, called monster-OptoSTIM1 or m...
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Sticky situation inside blood vessels can worsen stroke damage
January 15, 2020
A stroke appears to create a sticky situation inside the blood vessels of the brain that can worsen damage days, even months later, scientists report.
They have found that after stroke, exosomes -- nanosized biological suitcases packed with an assortment of cargo that cells swap, like...
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Blue light can help heal mild traumatic brain injury
January 15, 2020
Early morning blue light exposure therapy can aid the healing process of people impact by mild traumatic brain injury, according to new research from the University of Arizona.
"Daily exposure to blue wavelength light each morning helps to re-entrain the circadian rhythm so that peopl...
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Exosomes promote remarkable recovery in stroke
January 14, 2020
It's been almost a quarter century since the first drug was approved for stroke. But what's even more striking is that only a single drug remains approved today.
In a publication appearing this month in the journal , animal scientists, funded by the National Institutes of Health, pres...
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Brain pressure controls eye pressure, revealing new avenues for glaucoma treatment
January 13, 2020
Researchers at the University of South Florida (USF) have discovered a novel feedback pathway from the brain to the eye that modulates eye pressure -- a significant advancement in the effort to diagnose and treat glaucoma. Glaucoma is associated with increased pressure in the eye due to a reduce ...
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Protein associated with ovarian cancer exacerbates neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's
January 13, 2020
Houston Methodist scientists identified a protein found in ovarian cancer that may contribute to declining brain function and Alzheimer's disease, by combining computational methods and lab research.
"Our finding suggests another known protein may be coming into play here, which could...
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Molecular switch for repairing central nervous system disorders
January 10, 2020
A molecular switch has the ability to turn on a substance in animals that repairs neurological damage in disorders such as multiple sclerosis (MS), Mayo Clinic researchers discovered. The early research in animal models could advance an already approved Food and Drug Administration therapy and al...
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'Census' in the zebrafish's brain
January 7, 2020
The zebrafish is a master of regeneration: If brain cells are lost due to injury or disease, it can simply reproduce them -- contrary to humans where this only happens in the fetal stage. However, the zebrafish is evolutionarily related to humans and, thus, possesses the same brain cell types as ...
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