Autism

Early vocabulary size is genetically linked to ADHD, literacy, and cognition
March 1, 2024
Are genetic factors underlying children's language development linked to later-life outcomes? In a genome-wide analysis, an international research team found genetic associations between children's early vocabulary size and later-life ADHD, literacy, and general cognition. These associations changed...
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Study sheds light on how neurotransmitter receptors transport calcium
February 29, 2024
A new study is shedding light on our understanding of the molecular origins of some forms of autism and intellectual disability. Researchers were able to successfully capture atomic resolution images of the fast-moving ionotropic glutamate receptor (iGluR) as it transports calcium. iGluRs and their ...
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Could we assess autism in children with a simple eye reflex test?
February 28, 2024
Scientists may have discovered a new way to test for autism by measuring how children's eyes move when they turn their heads.
Genomic 'butterfly effect' explains risk for autism spectrum disorder
January 26, 2024
Researchers examined the genetics of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) by analyzing mutations in the genomes of individuals and their families. They discovered that a special kind of genetic mutation works differently from typical mutations in how it contributes to the condition....
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Blood pressure drug can reduce anxiety for people with autism, study shows
January 23, 2024
A new study has found that propranolol, a medication that treats high blood pressure, can also help lower anxiety for kids and young adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
How does social attention develop in autistic children?
January 13, 2024
As they grow, children increasingly focus their attention on social elements in their environment, such as faces or social interactions. However, children with autism are often more interested in non-social stimuli, such as textures or geometric shapes. By tracking where children look while viewing ...
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Putting your toddler in front of the TV? You might hurt their ability to process the world around them, new data suggests
January 8, 2024
Babies and toddlers exposed to television or video viewing may be more likely to exhibit atypical sensory behaviors, such as being disengaged and disinterested in activities, seeking more intense stimulation in an environment, or being overwhelmed by sensations like loud sounds or bright lights, acc...
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Enlarged spaces in infant brains linked to higher risk of autism, sleep problems
January 2, 2024
Researchers have found that enlarged perivascular spaces in the brains of babies, caused by an accumulation of excess cerebrospinal fluid, have a 2.2 times greater chance of developing autism later in life.
Protein-protein interaction discovery unveils Down syndrome's molecular mechanism potential
December 19, 2023
Down syndrome, a congenital disorder stemming from abnormal cell division and differentiation, is most common in newborns fated to neurodevelopmental delays and other health complications. The genetic defect causes the dysfunction of the protein kinase DYRK1A, which is encoded on chromosome 21 and ...
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The pedigree of brain cells
December 13, 2023
The superior colliculus in the mammalian brain takes on many important tasks by making sense of our environment. Any mistakes during the development of this brain region can lead to severe neurological disorders. Scientists have now delineated the pedigree and origin of nerve cells that make up the ...
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